This polygon shapefile represents the Commune Boundaries for the Val-de-Marne department of France for 2010. These are the level 5 administrative divisions (ADM5) of Val-de-Marne. French communes are roughly equivalent to townships or incorporated municipalities. This dataset is intended for researchers, students, and policy makers for reference and mapping purposes, and may be used for basic applications such as viewing, querying, and map output production, or to provide a basemap to support graphical overlays and analysis with other spatial data. Articque informatique. (2010). Commune Boundaries: Val-de-Marne, France, 2010. Articque informatique. Available at: http://purl.stanford.edu/cr326fm9571 This layer is presented in the WGS84 coordinate system for web display purposes. Downloadable data are provided in native coordinate system or projection.