Title supplied by cataloger. Upside Down map of Africa by Ramusio showing North at the bottom of the map and is centered on the course of the Nile, which has its primary source in two lakes in Southern Africa. The map extends south to the Tropic of Capricorn and Isola Di S. Lorenzo (Madagascar). The Saudi Peninsula, Red Sea and Gulf of Aden are also shown, as is Mecca. This map appeared in the second volume of Ramusio's Della Navigationi et Viaggi, a 3 volume work that was commenced in 1554, although this map, from volume 2, was not completed until 1559. Giovanni Baptista Ramusio was Secretary to the Council of Ten in Venice for 43 years. His collection of reports on voyages is among the most important works of the period. https://www.raremaps.com/gallery/detail/48522/Untitled_Map_Africa_Red_Sea_and_Saudi_Peninsula/Ramusio.html Covers Africa, except for the western bulge and southern tip. Relief shown in hashures and pictorially. Appears in the author's Delle navigationi et viaggi. Oriented with north to the bottom. Has watermark. Signature mark: kk iiij. Page no. in upper right margin: 261. Includes text on verso.